Gaussian process-based nonlinearity compensation for pneumatic soft actuators

Pawluchin A, Meindl M, Weygers I, Seel T, Boblan I (2024)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2024


Book Volume: 72

Pages Range: 440-448

Journal Issue: 5

DOI: 10.1515/auto-2023-0237


Highly compliant Pneumatic Soft Actuators (PSAs) have the potential to perform challenging tasks in a broad range of applications that require shape-adaptive capabilities. Achieving accurate tracking control for such actuators with complex geometries and material compositions typically involves many time-consuming and laborious engineering steps. In this work, we propose a data-driven learning-based control approach to address reference tracking tasks, incorporating self-adaptation in situ. We utilize a short interaction maneuver, recorded a priori, to collect the quasi-static data affected by severe hysteresis. Besides a linear feedback controller, we use two Gaussian process models to predict the feedforward control input to compensate for the nonlinearity in a one-shot learning setting. The proposed control approach demonstrates accurate tracking performance even under realistic varying configurations, such as alterations in mass and orientation, without any parameter tuning. Notably, training was achieved with only 25-50 s of experimental interaction, which emphasizes the plug-and-play capabilities in diverse real-world applications.

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Pawluchin, A., Meindl, M., Weygers, I., Seel, T., & Boblan, I. (2024). Gaussian process-based nonlinearity compensation for pneumatic soft actuators. At-Automatisierungstechnik, 72(5), 440-448.


Pawluchin, Alexander, et al. "Gaussian process-based nonlinearity compensation for pneumatic soft actuators." At-Automatisierungstechnik 72.5 (2024): 440-448.

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