Coherent structures in the turbulent stepped cylinder flow at ReD=5000

Massaro D, Peplinski A, Schlatter P (2023)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2023


Book Volume: 102

Article Number: 109144

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2023.109144


The coherent structures arising in the turbulent flow around a three-dimensional stepped (or step) cylinder are studied through direct numerical simulation. This geometry is widespread in many applications and the junction substantially modifies the wake behaviour, generating three main cells. The mechanisms of vortex connections on the junction are difficult to be captured and interpreted. We thus use a high-order spectral-element methodology (SEM), and the adaptive mesh refinement technique (AMR) to adequately resolve each region of the domain, capturing the smallest turbulent scales. In this way, we can analyse the vortical interactions on the junction via the λ2-criterion and understand the evolution of the train of hairpins, which appears only when the cylinder shear layer gets unstable. Together with the hairpins, four horseshoe and edge vortices coexist on the flat junction surface. A complete picture of the vortices’ evolution in time is provided. To extract the large-scale, and most energetic, structures in the wake we perform a three-dimensional proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) of the flow. The first six POD modes correspond to three travelling modes which identify the large (L), the small (S) and the modulation (N) cells. The ReD trend shows that these cells persist at higher Reynolds numbers with a larger separation between the vortex shedding frequencies fN and fL. At the same time, the downwash POD mode gets less strong with a more intense and localised modulation region which affects a more extended portion of the large cylinder wake.

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Massaro, D., Peplinski, A., & Schlatter, P. (2023). Coherent structures in the turbulent stepped cylinder flow at ReD=5000. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 102.


Massaro, Daniele, Adam Peplinski, and Philipp Schlatter. "Coherent structures in the turbulent stepped cylinder flow at ReD=5000." International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 102 (2023).

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