Alternating Additive Manufacturing and Forming - An Innovative Manufacturing Approach

Papke T, Hafenecker J, Römisch D, März R, Hentschel O, Bartels D, Schmidt M, Merklein M (2023)

Publication Language: English

Publication Type: Journal article, Online publication

Publication year: 2023


Book Volume: 7

Pages Range: 1-21

Article Number: 90

Journal Issue: 3

DOI: 10.3390/jmmp7030090


In this work, an innovative manufacturing approach that includes a fully linked and integrated manufacturing system consisting of a laser-based directed energy deposition (DED-LB/M) module and a forming press is presented. The alternating additive manufacturing (AM) process is based on a combination of a DED-LB/M process using a laser power of 600 W and a feed rate of 400 mm/min and a subsequent forming process, in which the structure is upset with a hydraulic press using a constant forming force of 500 kN in order to smooth the surface and influence the accuracy of the components. For the generation of a fundamental process understanding, a cuboid, basic shape was chosen as geometry for the investigations. The aim is to improve part properties by applying the process steps to generate part properties, which are superior to solely additive manufactured material. It is shown that the geometry of additive manufactured structures can be adapted, and the top surface can be smoothed due to the forming operation. The mean roughness value Rz decreases up to 50% after the forming operation. The hardness can be increased by work hardening. Of special interest is that the higher hardness can be kept up even though a further DED-LB/M process step and forming operation are applied to the additively manufactured and formed structure again. Finally, an analysis of the new manufacturing approach regarding its potential is given.

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How to cite


Papke, T., Hafenecker, J., Römisch, D., März, R., Hentschel, O., Bartels, D.,... Merklein, M. (2023). Alternating Additive Manufacturing and Forming - An Innovative Manufacturing Approach. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, 7(3), 1-21.


Papke, Thomas, et al. "Alternating Additive Manufacturing and Forming - An Innovative Manufacturing Approach." Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing 7.3 (2023): 1-21.

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