Joining of multi-material structures using a versatile self-piercing riveting process

Kappes F, Wituschek S, Bobbert M, Lechner M, Meschut G (2022)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022


Original Authors: Fabian Kappe, Simon Wituschek, Mathias Bobbert, Michael Lechner, Gerson Meschut

DOI: 10.1007/s11740-022-01151-w


Due to the increasing use of multi-material constructions and the resulting material incompatibilities, mechanical joining technologies are gaining in importance. The reasons for this are the variety of joining possibilities as well as high load-bearing capacities. However, the currently rigid tooling systems cannot react to changing boundary conditions, such as changed sheet thicknesses or strength. For this reason, a large number of specialised joining processes have been developed to expand the range of applications. Using a versatile self-piercing riveting process, multi-material structures are joined in this paper. In this process, a modified tool actuator technology is combined with multi-range capable auxiliary joining parts. The multi-range capability of the rivets is achieved by forming the rivet head onto the respective thickness of the joining part combination without creating a tooling set-up effort. The joints are investigated both experimentally on the basis of joint formation and load-bearing cpacity tests as well as by means of numerical simulation. It turned out that all the joints examined could be manufactured according to the defined standards. The load-bearing capacities of the joints are comparable to those of conventionally joined joints. In some cases the joint fails prematurely, which is why lower energy absorptions are obtained. However, the maximum forces achieved are higher than those of conventional joints. Especially in the case of high-strength materials arranged on the die side, the interlock formation is low. In addition, the use of die-sided sheets requires a large deformation of the rivet head protrusion, which leads to an increase in stress and, as a result, to damage if the rivet head. However, a negative influence on the joint load-bearing capacity could be excluded.

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Kappes, F., Wituschek, S., Bobbert, M., Lechner, M., & Meschut, G. (2022). Joining of multi-material structures using a versatile self-piercing riveting process. Production Engineering.


Kappes, Fabian, et al. "Joining of multi-material structures using a versatile self-piercing riveting process." Production Engineering (2022).

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