Energetics of Technical Integration of 2-Propanol Fuel Cells: Thermodynamic and Current and Future Technical Feasibility

Braun K, Wolf M, de Oliveira AL, Preuster P, Wasserscheid P, Thiele S, Weiß L, Wensing M (2022)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022

Journal

DOI: 10.1002/ente.202200343

Abstract

2-Propanol/acetone is a promising liquid organic hydrogen carrier system for fuel cell reactions. Herein, six different concepts for a 2-propanol/acetone fuel cell system are evaluated in MATLAB simulation with respect to their thermodynamic integration and technical feasibility. Four of the concepts use a direct 2-propanol fuel cell while the other two first release molecular hydrogen from 2-propanol and subsequently use a hydrogen fuel cell. The presented liquid phase 2-propanol fuel cell concept is thermodynamically feasible but cannot be realized technically using commercial Nafion membranes, due to membrane dissolution by the 2-propanol/acetone/water fuel mixture. Gaseous 2-propanol fuel cells imply a high heating requirement for the evaporation of the fuel. A direct high-temperature fuel cell using 2-propanol is thermodynamically feasible because there is less water in the overall system but is not technically feasible because of the esterification of phosphoric acid. A very interesting option is the conversion of gaseous 2-propanol to pressurized hydrogen in an electrochemical pumping step followed by a hydrogen fuel cell, because here the waste heat of a sufficiently hot hydrogen fuel cell can drive the 2-propanol evaporation.

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APA:

Braun, K., Wolf, M., de Oliveira, A.L., Preuster, P., Wasserscheid, P., Thiele, S.,... Wensing, M. (2022). Energetics of Technical Integration of 2-Propanol Fuel Cells: Thermodynamic and Current and Future Technical Feasibility. Energy Technology. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ente.202200343

MLA:

Braun, Katharina, et al. "Energetics of Technical Integration of 2-Propanol Fuel Cells: Thermodynamic and Current and Future Technical Feasibility." Energy Technology (2022).

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