Intrinsic color centers in 4H-silicon carbide formed by heavy ion implantation and annealing

Kobayashi T, Rühl M, Lehmeyer J, Zimmermann L, Krieger M, Weber HB (2021)

Publication Type: Journal article, Letter

Publication year: 2021


Book Volume: 55

Article Number: 105303


DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/ac3a49

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We study the generation and transformation of intrinsic luminescent centers in 4H-polytype of silicon carbide via heavy ion implantation and subsequent annealing. Defects induced by the implantation of germanium (Ge) or tin (Sn) have been characterized by photoluminescence (PL) spectra recorded at cryogenic temperatures. We find three predominant but as-yet-unidentified PL signatures (labeled as DI1–3) at the wavelength of 1002.8 nm (DI1), 1004.7 nm (DI2), and 1006.1 nm (DI3) after high dose implantation (> 4 × 1013 cm-2) and high temperature annealing (> 1700°C). The fact that the DI lines co-occur and are energetically close together suggest that they originate from the same defect. Regardless of the implanted ion (Ge or Sn), a sharp increase in their PL intensity is observed when the implantation damage becomes high (vacancy concentration > 1022 cm-3), indicating that the lines stem from an intrinsic defect caused by the damage. By tracking the PL signals after stepwise annealing, we examine how the overall intrinsic defects behave in the temperature range of 500 – 1800○C; the silicon vacancies formed by the implantation transform into either divacancies or antisite-vacancy pairs with annealing at about 1000°C. These spectra signatures are strongly reduced at 1200°C where the so-called TS defects are maximized in luminescence. As a final stage, the DI defects, which are most likely formed of antisites and vacancies, emerge at 1700°C. Our results provide a knowledge on how to incorporate and manipulate the intrinsic luminescent centers in SiC with ion implantation and annealing, paving the way for fully integrated quantum technology employing SiC.

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Kobayashi, T., Rühl, M., Lehmeyer, J., Zimmermann, L., Krieger, M., & Weber, H.B. (2021). Intrinsic color centers in 4H-silicon carbide formed by heavy ion implantation and annealing. Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, 55.


Kobayashi, Takuma, et al. "Intrinsic color centers in 4H-silicon carbide formed by heavy ion implantation and annealing." Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics 55 (2021).

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