Impact of Plasma Membrane Domains on IgG Fc Receptor Function

Kara S, Amon L, Lühr J, Nimmerjahn F, Dudziak D, Lux A (2020)

Publication Type: Journal article, Review article

Publication year: 2020


Book Volume: 11

Article Number: 1320

DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2020.01320


Lipid cell membranes not only represent the physical boundaries of cells. They also actively participate in many cellular processes. This contribution is facilitated by highly complex mixtures of different lipids and incorporation of various membrane proteins. One group of membrane-associated receptors are Fc receptors (FcRs). These cell-surface receptors are crucial for the activity of most immune cells as they bind immunoglobulins such as immunoglobulin G (IgG). Based on distinct mechanisms of IgG binding, two classes of Fc receptors are now recognized: the canonical type I FcγRs and select C-type lectin receptors newly referred to as type II FcRs. Upon IgG immune complex induced cross-linking, these receptors are known to induce a multitude of cellular effector responses in a cell-type dependent manner, including internalization, antigen processing, and presentation as well as production of cytokines. The response is also determined by specific intracellular signaling domains, allowing FcRs to either positively or negatively modulate immune cell activity. Expression of cell-type specific combinations and numbers of receptors therefore ultimately sets a threshold for induction of effector responses. Mechanistically, receptor cross-linking and localization to lipid rafts, i.e., organized membrane microdomains enriched in intracellular signaling proteins, were proposed as major determinants of initial FcR activation. Given that immune cell membranes might also vary in their lipid compositions, it is reasonable to speculate, that the cell membrane and especially lipid rafts serve as an additional regulator of FcR activity. In this article, we aim to summarize the current knowledge on the interplay of lipid rafts and IgG binding FcRs with a focus on the plasma membrane composition and receptor localization in immune cells, the proposed mechanisms underlying this localization and consequences for FcR function with respect to their immunoregulatory capacity.

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Kara, S., Amon, L., Lühr, J., Nimmerjahn, F., Dudziak, D., & Lux, A. (2020). Impact of Plasma Membrane Domains on IgG Fc Receptor Function. Frontiers in Immunology, 11.


Kara, Sibel, et al. "Impact of Plasma Membrane Domains on IgG Fc Receptor Function." Frontiers in Immunology 11 (2020).

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