Enhanced Crystallization of Lysozyme Mediated by the Aggregation of Inorganic Seed Particles

Weichsel U, Segets D, Thajudeen T, Maier EM, Peukert W (2017)

Publication Status: Published

Publication Type: Journal article, Original article

Publication year: 2017


Publisher: American Chemical Society

Book Volume: 17

Pages Range: 967-981

Journal Issue: 3

DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.6b01026


We show that aggregation plays a major role in seeded growth of protein crystals. The seeded batch approach provides the opportunity to set the starting conditions for protein crystallization by adding a defined amount of well-characterized seed particles. The experimental observations for tetragonal hen egg-white lysozyme (LSZ) confirm the concept of the oriented aggregation of larger building blocks to form a protein crystal. It was shown that the aggregation of the seed particles/bioconjugates is advantageous for the product quality in terms of larger and more defined LSZ crystals and in terms of accelerated reaction kinetics. We present a population balance (PB) model for the seeded batch crystallization of LSZ considering the aggregation of growth units to form protein crystals. For the modeling of crystal growth, evolving particle size distributions (PSDs) of agglomerating LSZ molecules were measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS). Moreover, the aggregation of seed particles in LSZ solutions under crystallization conditions was investigated by DLS. In line with our expectations, the number of seeds was found to be important as it strongly affects the collision frequency in the aggregation term of our PB model. Finally, the applied model gives trends of the supersaturation depletion curves and orders of magnitude of the measured CSDs in particle size correctly, ranging from only a few nanometers up to micrometer-sized particles/crystals. Thus, by the combination of PB modeling and experimentally determined crystallization parameters, insights into the crystal formation mechanism were obtained. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to model growth within a crystal population by an aggregation mechanism induced by seeding with foreign particles.

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Weichsel, U., Segets, D., Thajudeen, T., Maier, E.-M., & Peukert, W. (2017). Enhanced Crystallization of Lysozyme Mediated by the Aggregation of Inorganic Seed Particles. Crystal Growth and Design, 17(3), 967-981. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.6b01026


Weichsel, Ulrike, et al. "Enhanced Crystallization of Lysozyme Mediated by the Aggregation of Inorganic Seed Particles." Crystal Growth and Design 17.3 (2017): 967-981.

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