Direct numerical simulation of water–ethanol flows in a T-mixer

Schikarski T, Peukert W, Avila M (2017)

Publication Status: Published

Publication Type: Journal article, Original article

Publication year: 2017


Publisher: Elsevier B.V.

Book Volume: 324

Pages Range: 168-181

DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2017.04.119


The efficient mixing of fluids is key in many applications, such as chemical reactions and nanoparticle precipitation. Detailed experimental measurements of the mixing dynamics are however difficult to obtain, and so predictive numerical tools are helpful in designing and optimizing many processes. If two different fluids are considered, the viscosity and density of the mixture depend often nonlinearly on the composition, which makes the modeling of the mixing process particularly challenging. Hence water-water mixtures in simple geometries such as T-mixers have been intensively investigated, but little is known about the dynamics of more complex mixtures, especially in the turbulent regime. We here present a numerical method allowing the accurate simulation of two-fluid mixtures. Using a high-performance implementation of this method we perform direct numerical simulations resolving the spatial and temporal dynamics of water-ethanol flows for Reynolds numbers from 100 to 2000. The flows states encountered during turbulence transition and their mixing properties are discussed in detail and compared to water-water mixtures.

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Schikarski, T., Peukert, W., & Avila, M. (2017). Direct numerical simulation of water–ethanol flows in a T-mixer. Chemical Engineering Journal, 324, 168-181.


Schikarski, Tobias, Wolfgang Peukert, and Marc Avila. "Direct numerical simulation of water–ethanol flows in a T-mixer." Chemical Engineering Journal 324 (2017): 168-181.

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