Quasi-epitaxial Metal-Halide Perovskite Ligand Shells on PbS Nanocrystals

Sytnyk M, Yakunin S, Schoefberger W, Lechner RT, Burian M, Ludescher L, Killilea NA, Yousefi Amin AA, Kriegner D, Stangl J, Groiss H, Heiß W (2017)

Publication Language: English

Publication Status: Published

Publication Type: Journal article, Original article

Publication year: 2017



Book Volume: 11

Pages Range: 1246-1256

Journal Issue: 2

URI: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsnano.6b04721

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b04721


Epitaxial growth techniques enable nearly defect free heterostructures with coherent interfaces, which are of utmost importance for high performance electronic devices. While high-vacuum technology-based growth techniques are state-of-the art, here we pursue a purely solution processed approach to obtain nanocrystals with eptaxially coherent and quasi-lattice matched inorganic ligand shells. Octahedral metal-halide clusters, respectively 0-dimensional perovskites, were employed as ligands to match the coordination geometry of the PbS cubic rock-salt lattice. Different clusters (CH3NH3+)((6-x))[M((x+))Hal(6)]((6-x))-(Mx+ = Pb(II), Bi(III), Mn(II), In(III), Hal = Cl, I) were attached to the nanocrystal surfaces via a scalable phase transfer procedure. The ligand attachment and coherence of the formed PbS/ligand core/shell interface was confirmed by combining the results from transmission electron microscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction. The lattice mismatch between ligand shell and nanocrystal core plays a key role in performance. In photoconducting devices the best performance (detectivity of 2 X 10(11) cm Hz (1/2)/W with > 110 kHz bandwidth) was obtained with (CH3NH3)(3)BiI6 ligands, providing the smallest relative lattice mismatch of ca. -1%. PbS nanocrystals with such ligands exhibited in millimeter sized bulk samples in the form of pressed pellets a relatively high carrier mobility for nanocrystal solids of similar to 1.3 cm(2)/(V s), a carrier lifetime of similar to 70 mu s, and a low residual carrier concentration of 2.6 X 10(13) cm(-3). Thus, by selection of ligands with appropriate geometry and bond lengths optimized quasi-epitaxial ligand shells were formed on nanocrystals, which are beneficial for applications in optoelectronics.

Authors with CRIS profile

Additional Organisation(s)

Involved external institutions

How to cite


Sytnyk, M., Yakunin, S., Schoefberger, W., Lechner, R.T., Burian, M., Ludescher, L.,... Heiß, W. (2017). Quasi-epitaxial Metal-Halide Perovskite Ligand Shells on PbS Nanocrystals. Acs Nano, 11(2), 1246-1256. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.6b04721


Sytnyk, Mykhailo, et al. "Quasi-epitaxial Metal-Halide Perovskite Ligand Shells on PbS Nanocrystals." Acs Nano 11.2 (2017): 1246-1256.

BibTeX: Download