Journal article
(Original article)

Photoinduced degradation of methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite semiconductors

Publication Details
Author(s): Tang X, Brandl M, May B, Levchuk I, Hou Y, Richter M, Chen H, Chen S, Kahmann S, Osvet A, Maier F, Steinrück HP, Hock R, Matt G, Brabec C
Publication year: 2016
Volume: 4
Journal issue: 41
Pages range: 15896-15903
ISSN: 2050-7496
Language: English


Photoinduced degradation is a critical obstacle for the real application of novel semiconductors for photovoltaic applications. In this paper, the photoinduced degradation of CHNHPbI in a vacuum and air (relative humidity 40%) is analyzed by ex situ and advanced in situ technologies. Without light illumination, CHNHPbI films slowly degrade under vacuum and air within 24 hours. However, we find that CHNHPbI converts to metallic lead (Pb) when exposed to vacuum and light illumination. Further, a series of lead salts (e.g. PbO, Pb(OH) and PbCO) are formed when CHNHPbI is degraded under environmental conditions, i.e. under the combination of light, oxygen and moisture. Photoinduced degradation is found to be determined by the environmental atmosphere as CHNHPbI films remain very stable under nitrogen conditions. The results from vacuum conditions underpin that the high volatility of the organic component (CHNHI) is in conflict with reaching excellent intrinsic stability due to its role in creating ion vacancies. The degradation in air suggests that both oxygen and water contribute to the fast photodecomposition of CHNHPbI into lead salts rather than water alone. Given these basic yet fundamental understandings, the design of hydrophobic capping layers becomes one prerequisite towards long-term stable perovskite-based devices.

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How to cite
APA: Tang, X., Brandl, M., May, B., Levchuk, I., Hou, Y., Richter, M.,... Brabec, C. (2016). Photoinduced degradation of methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite semiconductors. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4(41), 15896-15903.

MLA: Tang, Xiaofeng, et al. "Photoinduced degradation of methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite semiconductors." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4.41 (2016): 15896-15903.

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