Journal article
(Original article)

Nonlinear Absorption Measurements of Intraocular Lens Polymers by Integrating Z-scan

Publication Details
Author(s): Heberle J, Häfner T, Schmidt M
Editor(s): The Laser Institute of America (LIA)
Publisher: Laser Institute of America
Publication year: 2016
Volume: 28
Journal issue: 2
Conference Proceedings Title: The 34th International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics (ICALEO 2015) Congress Proceedings
Pages range: 0226041-0226046
ISBN: 978-1-940168-05-0
ISSN: 1042-346X

Event details
Event: The 34th International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics (ICALEO 2015)
Event location: Atlanta, GA
Start date of the event: 18/10/2015
End date of the event: 22/10/2015
Language: English


At ultrashort pulsed laser processing knowledge of the amount and distribution of the absorbed energy in the workpiece is essential. For transparent dielectrics, energy input by ultrashort laser pulses occurs by nonlinear absorption in the bulk material. Even at high intensities the penetration depth is high and for most cases decays with an unknown function. Additionally, nonlinear absorptivity dramatically changes depending on the number of incident pulses due to incubation of the workpiece. This is usually attributed to chemical modifications or generated voids inside the workpiece. Particularly polymers are strongly influenced by incubation preventing full understanding of ablation at industrial processes. Especially, the PMMA co-polymer analysed in this paper is of high interest for ophthalmic applications and requires high processing quality and efficiency. To gain detailed insight into interaction of polymers with multiple subsequent picosecond laser pulses, investigations on nonlinear absorptivity have to be carried out. Therefore, the determination of nonlinear transmittance and reflectance by a modified Z-scan setup is presented. Laser pulses at 1064 nm wavelength which is commonly used for production is applied with pulse energies up to 130 µJ. Measuring the absorptivity depending on the pulse number is enabled by integrating spheres included in the setup. Up to 100 lasers pulses which are scattered by the rough surface, caused by ablation of previous pulses, are taken into account by collecting the scattered proportion by the spheres. A significant change of transmittance and reflectance is observed depending on pulse energy and pulse number. The influence of incubation on nonlinear absorption is quantified by fitting the recorded data to models known from literature. The analytical model of three-photon absorption shows best agreement and is considered as the dominant absorption process. The corresponding nonlinear absorption coefficients are quantified in dependence of the pulse number showing significant increase for the first six pulses.

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How to cite
APA: Heberle, J., Häfner, T., & Schmidt, M. (2016). Nonlinear Absorption Measurements of Intraocular Lens Polymers by Integrating Z-scan. Journal of Laser Applications, 28(2), 0226041-0226046.

MLA: Heberle, Johannes, Tom Häfner, and Michael Schmidt. "Nonlinear Absorption Measurements of Intraocular Lens Polymers by Integrating Z-scan." Journal of Laser Applications 28.2 (2016): 0226041-0226046.

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