Provenance of Tertiary volcanoclastic sediment in NW Thrace (Bulgaria): Evidence from detrital amphibole and pyroxene geochemistry

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Caracciolo L
Journal: Sedimentary Geology
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication year: 2016
Volume: 336
Pages range: 120-137
ISSN: 0037-0738


Abstract


Detrital heavy mineral and bulk rock geochemistry and a review of sandstone petrographic data have been used to investigate the post-collisional effusive magmatism that followed the closure of the Vardar Ocean and the generation of volcanic sediments in a complex and compositionally variable volcanic region. Available petrographic data gives evidence of contributions from three key source areas corresponding to the three main tectonic units: the structurally lower Gneiss-Migmatite Complex (Byala Reka-Kechros and Kesebir-Kardamos domes) and the upper Variegated (Kimi) Complex, both fringed by the low-to-medium-grade Mesozoic rocks of the Circum-Rhodope Belt. Besides the deposition of siliciclastic material, volcanic contributions from both, intermediate and acid products represent an important source of sediment in the area. Despite dominant intermediate to acid volcanic products, volcanic lithic fragments in sandstones (microlithic, lathwork and brown vitric textures) indicate main inputs from intermediate and basic-intermediate products generating questions on the interpretation of volcanic detritus in reconstruction of provenance. Detrital amphibole and pyroxene chemistry is used to characterise the supply of volcanic material as well as the dispersal mechanisms and understand the role played by each of the volcanic centers present in the area in the infill of the north-western Thrace basin. Amphibole chemistry reveals high compositional heterogeneity according to both compositional variability of the numerous volcanic centres active at the time of deposition and presence of metamorphic amphibole. Al-4 and Al-T apfu values indicate that most of the amphiboles from the NERZ are not of volcanic origin and their presence can only be attributed to the numerous amphibolite facies metamorphic rocks abundantly documented in the area. Detrital amphibole compositions from the ZKVS indicate major contributions from the Iran Tepe and Zvedzel volcanoes. Analysed detrital clinopyroxenes from the NERZ are mostly diopside-augite, with no hedenbergite or Fe-augite detected. The Al-4/Al-6 ratio is comparable with compositions of volcanic pyroxenes from the Momchilgrad-Arda (ZKVS) region and products from the pre-caldera phase of the Borovitza. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Caracciolo, Luca Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Geologie (Exogene Dynamik)

Last updated on 2018-08-08 at 16:53