Neutron scattering experiments on liquid droplets using electrostatic levitation

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Kordel T, Holland-Moritz D, Yang F, Peters J, Unruh T, Hansen T, Meyer A
Zeitschrift: Physical Review B
Verlag: AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2011
Band: 83
Heftnummer: 10
ISSN: 1098-0121


Abstract


We present a compact electrostatic levitator as a sample environment for high quality neutron scattering experiments on melts. By this containerless approach we are able to investigate chemically highly reactive melts in a broad temperature range from high temperatures down to very low temperatures in the metastable liquid. The sample volume typical for former electrostatic levitation facilities was increased by one order of magnitude to a sample diameter of 6 mm. A minimized amount of scattering material in the vicinity of the neutron beam results in a low background of the device and thus in a significantly improved signal-to-noise ratio. Even in these large samples the temperature gradient induced by laser heating is less than 20 K. As a first result the Ni self-diffusion coefficient in Zr64Ni36 was measured by quasielastic neutron scattering at the time-of-flight spectrometer TOFTOF at the FRM II as a function of temperature. At an undercooling of 167 K below the melting point deviations from an Arrhenius-type temperature dependence as observed in bulk metallic glass forming alloys become evident. Neutron diffraction experiments were performed at the high flux diffractometer D20 at the ILL. With a neutron wavelength of 0.94 angstrom a high quality total structure factor of Zr64Ni36 wasmeasured in a broad temperature range at wave numbers between 0.6 and 12 angstrom(-1).



FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Unruh, Tobias Prof. Dr.
Professur für Nanomaterialcharakterisierung (Streumethoden)


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR)
Institute Laue-Langevin (ILL)
Université Joseph Fourier (UJF Grenoble 1)


Zitierweisen

APA:
Kordel, T., Holland-Moritz, D., Yang, F., Peters, J., Unruh, T., Hansen, T., & Meyer, A. (2011). Neutron scattering experiments on liquid droplets using electrostatic levitation. Physical Review B, 83(10). https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.83.104205

MLA:
Kordel, Tobias, et al. "Neutron scattering experiments on liquid droplets using electrostatic levitation." Physical Review B 83.10 (2011).

BibTeX: 

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