Heat sources for mantle plumes.

Journal article

Publication Details

Author(s): Beier C, Rushmer T, Turner SP
Journal: Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems
Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Publication year: 2008
Journal issue: 9
Pages range: Q06002(6)
ISSN: 1525-2027


Melting anomalies in the Earth's upper mantle have often been attributed to the presence of mantle plumes that may originate in the lower mantle, possibly from the core-mantle boundary. Globally, mantle plumes exhibit a large range in buoyancy flux that is proportional to their temperature and volume. Plumes with higher buoyancy fluxes should have higher temperatures and experience higher degrees of partial melting. This excess heat in mantle plumes could reflect either (1) an enrichment of the heat-producing elements (HPE: U, Th, K) in their mantle source leading to an increase of heat production by radioactive decay, (2) material transport from core to mantle (either advective or diffusive), or (3) conductive heat transport across the core-mantle boundary. The advective/diffusive transport of heat may result in a physical contribution of material from the core to the lower mantle. If core material is incorporated into the lower mantle, mantle plumes with a higher buoyancy flux should have higher core tracers, e.g., increased 186Os, 187Os, and Fe concentrations. Geophysical and dynamic modeling indicate that at least Afar, Easter, Hawaii, Louisville, and Samoa may all originate at the core-mantle boundary. These plumes encompass the whole range of known buoyancy fluxes from 0.9 Mg s-1 (Afar) to 8.7 Mg s-1 (Hawaii), providing evidence that the buoyancy flux is largely independent of other geophysical parameters. In an effort to explore whether the heat-producing elements are the cause of excess heat we looked for correlations between fractionation-corrected concentrations of the HPE and buoyancy flux. Our results suggest that there is no correlation between HPE concentrations and buoyancy flux (with and without an additional correction for variable degrees of partial melting). As anticipated, K, Th, and U are positively correlated with each other (e.g., Hawaii, Iceland, and Galapagos have significantly lower concentrations than, e.g., Tristan da Cunha, the Canary Islands, and the Azores). We also find no correlation between Fe and buoyancy flux. The apparent lack of correlations suggests that excess heat may be a result of conductive heat contribution from the core or from the adjacent boundary layer. Thus, the formation of mantle plumes along the core-mantle boundary may be largely controlled by distance of enriched material from the coremantle boundary. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Beier, Christoph PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Endogene Geodynamik

External institutions
Macquarie University

How to cite

Beier, C., Rushmer, T., & Turner, S.P. (2008). Heat sources for mantle plumes. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 9, Q06002(6). https://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007GC001933

Beier, Christoph, Tracy Rushmer, and Simon P. Turner. "Heat sources for mantle plumes." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 9 (2008): Q06002(6).


Last updated on 2018-17-10 at 00:20