Semitransparency in interaction-free measurements

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Thomas S, Kohstall C, Kruit P, Hommelhoff P
Zeitschrift: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Verlag: American Physical Society
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2014
Band: 90
Heftnummer: 5
Seitenbereich: 053840
ISSN: 1094-1622


Abstract

We discuss the effect of semitransparency in a quantum-Zeno-like interaction-free measurement setup, a quantum-physics based approach that might significantly reduce sample damage in imaging and microscopy. With an emphasis on applications in electron microscopy, we simulate the behavior of probe particles in an interaction-free measurement setup with semitransparent samples, and we show that the transparency of a sample can be measured in such a setup. However, such a measurement is not possible without losing (i.e., absorbing or scattering) probe particles in general, which causes sample damage. We show how the amount of lost particles can be minimized by adjusting the number of round trips through the setup, and we explicitly calculate the amount of lost particles in measurements which either aim at distinguishing two transparencies or at measuring an unknown transparency precisely. We also discuss the effect of the sample causing phase shifts in interaction-free measurements. Comparing the resulting loss of probe particles with a classical measurement of transparency, we find that interaction-free measurements only provide a benefit in two cases: first, if two semitransparent samples with a high contrast are to be distinguished, interaction-free measurements lose less particles than classical measurements by a factor that increases with the contrast. This implies that interaction-free measurements with zero loss are possible if one of the samples is perfectly transparent. A second case where interaction-free measurements outperform classical measurements is if three conditions are met: the particle source exhibits Poissonian number statistics, the number of lost particles cannot be measured, and the transparency is larger than approximately 12. In all other cases, interaction-free measurements lose as many probe particles as classical measurements or more. Aside from imaging of gray levels, another possible application for interaction-free measurements is the detection of arbitrarily small phase shifts in transparent samples.


FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Hommelhoff, Peter Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Laserphysik
Thomas, Sebastian
Lehrstuhl für Laserphysik


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Delft University of Technology
Stanford University


Zitierweisen

APA:
Thomas, S., Kohstall, C., Kruit, P., & Hommelhoff, P. (2014). Semitransparency in interaction-free measurements. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 90(5), 053840. https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.90.053840

MLA:
Thomas, Sebastian, et al. "Semitransparency in interaction-free measurements." Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 90.5 (2014): 053840.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-09-08 um 20:53