The hormonal correlates of implicit motives

Journal article
(Original article)

Publication Details

Author(s): Schultheiss O
Journal: Social and personality psychology compass
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Publication year: 2013
Volume: 7
Journal issue: 1
Pages range: 52-65
ISSN: 1751-9004


Implicit motives represent nonconsciously represented dispositions to seek specific classes of incentives and to avoid corresponding classes of disincentives. Growing evidence suggests that the implicit power motive is associated with basal levels and reactivity of the gonadal steroid hormones testosterone in men and estradiol in women. It is also associated with increased release of stress hormones (cortisol, norepinephrine) in response to dominance challenges and social defeat. The implicit affiliation motive is linked to the release of progesterone: increases in progesterone are followed by increases in affiliation motivation, and arousal of affiliation motivation is associated with concurrent or subsequent progesterone increases. There is limited evidence for a role of vasopressin in achievement motivation. These findings point to a key role of the hypothalamus for implicit motives, a role that is consistent with the existence of function-specific nuclei within this brain area.

FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Schultheiss, Oliver Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Allgemeine Psychologie (Motivation, Emotion und Lernen)

How to cite

Schultheiss, O. (2013). The hormonal correlates of implicit motives. Social and personality psychology compass, 7(1), 52-65.

Schultheiss, Oliver. "The hormonal correlates of implicit motives." Social and personality psychology compass 7.1 (2013): 52-65.


Last updated on 2018-16-10 at 17:20