Influence of the fat/carbohydrate component of snack food on energy intake pattern and reinforcing properties in rodents

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Heß A, Kreß S, Rakete S, Muench G, Kornhuber J, Pischetsrieder M, Müller CP
Journal: Behavioural Brain Research
Publication year: 2019
Volume: 364
Pages range: 328-333
ISSN: 0166-4328


Abstract

Hedonic intake of strongly rewarding foods is independent from biological needs and, thus, a common cause of obesity. The effect of potato chips on energy intake in a snacking model could be explained by their fat/carbohydrate content (FCHc). The present study investigated if the FCHc shapes energy intake patterns and reward processing of satiated rodents. Modulation of energy intake patterns was studied in an established snacking model offering FCHc rich food for 3 x 10 min/day to satiated rats. Reward processing was analyzed by a previously established conditioned place preference tests in satiated mice. The limited access to FCHc rich food led to higher daily energy intake compared to days without access (110 +/- 10 vs. 96 +/- 5 kcal/day) indicating that fat/carbohydrate intake was not fully compensated by reducing standard chow intake during the rest of the day. Furthermore, fat/carbohydrate snacking led to binge eating episodes with up to 55% of the daily energy intake consumed during limited access. Forced withdrawal from fat/carbohydrate snacking opportunities for six weeks increased the total daily energy intake and the relative amount of energy consumed by FCHc after reintroducing fat/carbohydrate snacking. Snack food and fat/carbohydrate food were powerful food reinforcers in satiated mice in contrast to standard chow. Altogether, these data suggest that the FCHc of snack food has strong reinforcing properties, which are probably responsible for the significant modulation of the amount and pattern of food intake in ad libitum fed animals.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Heß, Andreas Prof. Dr.
Medizinische Fakultät
Kornhuber, Johannes Prof. Dr. med.
Lehrstuhl für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Kreß, Stefanie
Lehrstuhl für Lebensmittelchemie (Henriette-Schmidt-Burkhardt Lehrstuhl)
Müller, Christian P. Prof. Dr.
Professur für Suchtmedizin
Pischetsrieder, Monika Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Lebensmittelchemie (Henriette-Schmidt-Burkhardt Lehrstuhl)
Rakete, Stefan Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Lebensmittelchemie (Henriette-Schmidt-Burkhardt Lehrstuhl)


External institutions with authors

University of Western Sydney


How to cite

APA:
Heß, A., Kreß, S., Rakete, S., Muench, G., Kornhuber, J., Pischetsrieder, M., & Müller, C.P. (2019). Influence of the fat/carbohydrate component of snack food on energy intake pattern and reinforcing properties in rodents. Behavioural Brain Research, 364, 328-333. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.02.041

MLA:
Heß, Andreas, et al. "Influence of the fat/carbohydrate component of snack food on energy intake pattern and reinforcing properties in rodents." Behavioural Brain Research 364 (2019): 328-333.

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Last updated on 2019-03-05 at 09:08

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