Enhanced near-infrared response of nano- and microstructured silicon/organic hybrid photodetectors

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift

Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Derek V, Glowacki ED, Sytnyk M, Heiß W, Marcius M, Ristic M, Ivanda M, Sariciftci NS
Zeitschrift: Applied Physics Letters
Verlag: American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2015
Band: 107
Heftnummer: 8
ISSN: 0003-6951


Heterojunctions between an organic semiconductor and silicon are an attractive route to extending the response of silicon photodiodes into the near infrared (NIR) range, up to 2000nm. Silicon-based alternatives are of interest to replace expensive low band-gap materials, like InGaAs, in telecommunications and imaging applications. Herein, we report on the significant enhancement in NIR photodetector performance afforded by nano- and microstructuring of p-doped silicon (p-Si) prior to deposition of a layer of the organic semiconductor Tyrian Purple (TyP). We show how different silicon structuring techniques, namely, electrochemically grown porous Si, metal-assisted chemical etching, and finally micropyramids produced by anisotropic chemical etching (Si μP), are effective in increasing the NIR responsivity of p-Si/TyP heterojunction diodes. In all cases, the structured interfaces were found to give photodiodes with superior characteristics as compared with planar interface devices, providing up to 100-fold improvement in short-circuit photocurrent, corresponding with responsivity values of 1-5mA/W in the range of 1.3-1.6μm. Our measurements show this increased performance is neither correlated to optical effects, i.e., light trapping, nor simply to geometric surface area increase by micro- and nanostructuring. We conclude that the performance enhancement afforded by the structured p-Si/organic diodes is caused by a yet unresolved mechanism, possibly related to electric field enhancement near the sharp tips of the structured substrate. The observed responsivity of these devices places them closer to parity with other, well-established, Si-based NIR detection technologies.

FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Heiß, Wolfgang Prof. Dr.
Professur für Werkstoffwissenschaften (lösungsprozessierte Halbleitermaterialien)
Sytnyk, Mykhailo
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Materialien der Elektronik und der Energietechnologie)

Zusätzliche Organisationseinheit(en)
Energie-Campus Nürnberg (EnCN)

Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Institute Ruđer Bošković
Johannes Kepler Universität (JKU) Linz


Derek, V., Glowacki, E.D., Sytnyk, M., Heiß, W., Marcius, M., Ristic, M.,... Sariciftci, N.S. (2015). Enhanced near-infrared response of nano- and microstructured silicon/organic hybrid photodetectors. Applied Physics Letters, 107(8). https://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4929841

Derek, Vedran, et al. "Enhanced near-infrared response of nano- and microstructured silicon/organic hybrid photodetectors." Applied Physics Letters 107.8 (2015).


Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-08-08 um 04:11