The pO-index and R ratio gap methods for the assessment of corrosion risk in refractory materials in contact with glass melts

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autor(en): Boccaccini DN, Cannio M, Romagnoli M, Veronesi P, Leonelli C, Boccaccini AR
Zeitschrift: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2010
Band: 93
Seitenbereich: 1355-1363
ISSN: 0002-7820


Abstract


Corrosion of refractories used in glass melting technology is a complex phenomenon involving chemical wear (corrosion) and physical/mechanical wear (such as erosion and abrasion) processes as well as thermal shock and spalling. Besides the complexity in the hydrodynamics of a molten silicate bath with which refractory materials are in contact, refractories are polycrystalline heterogeneous materials containing a relatively high porosity. Pores are centers for accelerated corrosion, spalling, and penetration by the hot liquid. In this work, a corrosion study of aluminosilicate refractory crucibles by chromium and calcium oxides during the melting of Cr-containing soda lime glasses as a function of temperature (1400°-1500°C) and glass basicity has been performed. The features and mechanism of the corrosion process were compared and analyzed as a function of glass acidobasicity (pO-index) and of the ratio of network-dwelling cations to A13+ cations (R). The advantage of the pO-index and ΔR gap methods to assess refractory corrosion risk as a function of the acidobasicity differential between the refractory glassy phase and the glass melt was demonstrated. The change of the concentrations of glass constituents was monitored by ICP analysis of glass samples and correlated to the observed extent of corrosion. The crystalline composition and microstructure of the refractory materials before and after being corroded were studied by XRD analyses and SEM. Cr-doped corundum was found to be the main crystalline phase in the refractory microstructure and other mixed phases with chromium and aluminum and/or silica, which formed at the boundary layer (interface) between the glasses and the aluminosilicate refractory, were identified. The results provide a useful guide to the selection of refractory materials for application in glass and glass-ceramic manufacture in terms of their corrosion risk. © 2010 The American Ceramic Society.



FAU-Autoren / FAU-Herausgeber

Boccaccini, Aldo R. Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Biomaterialien)


Autor(en) der externen Einrichtung(en)
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE)


Zitierweisen

APA:
Boccaccini, D.N., Cannio, M., Romagnoli, M., Veronesi, P., Leonelli, C., & Boccaccini, A.R. (2010). The pO-index and R ratio gap methods for the assessment of corrosion risk in refractory materials in contact with glass melts. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 93, 1355-1363. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2010.03606.x

MLA:
Boccaccini, Dino N., et al. "The pO-index and R ratio gap methods for the assessment of corrosion risk in refractory materials in contact with glass melts." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 93 (2010): 1355-1363.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-09-08 um 15:38