Aβ oligomers peak in early stages of Alzheimer's disease preceding tau pathology

Blömeke L, Rehn F, Kraemer-Schulien V, Kutzsche J, Pils M, Bujnicki T, Lewczuk P, Kornhuber J, Freiesleben SD, Schneider LS, Preis L, Priller J, Spruth EJ, Altenstein S, Lohse A, Schneider A, Fliessbach K, Wiltfang J, Hansen N, Rostamzadeh A, Düzel E, Glanz W, Incesoy EI, Butryn M, Buerger K, Janowitz D, Ewers M, Perneczky R, Rauchmann BS, Teipel S, Kilimann I, Goerss D, Laske C, Munk MH, Sanzenbacher C, Spottke A, Roy-Kluth N, Heneka MT, Brosseron F, Wagner M, Wolfsgruber S, Kleineidam L, Stark M, Schmid M, Jessen F, Bannach O, Willbold D, Peters O (2024)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2024


Book Volume: 16

Article Number: e12589

Journal Issue: 2

DOI: 10.1002/dad2.12589


INTRODUCTION: Soluble amyloid beta (Aβ) oligomers have been suggested as initiating Aβ related neuropathologic change in Alzheimer's disease (AD) but their quantitative distribution and chronological sequence within the AD continuum remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 526 participants in early clinical stages of AD and controls from a longitudinal cohort were neurobiologically classified for amyloid and tau pathology applying the AT(N) system. Aβ and tau oligomers in the quantified cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were measured using surface-based fluorescence intensity distribution analysis (sFIDA) technology. RESULTS: Across groups, highest Aβ oligomer levels were found in A+ with subjective cognitive decline and mild cognitive impairment. Aβ oligomers were significantly higher in A+T− compared to A−T− and A+T+. APOE ε4 allele carriers showed significantly higher Aβ oligomer levels. No differences in tau oligomers were detected. DISCUSSION: The accumulation of Aβ oligomers in the CSF peaks early within the AD continuum, preceding tau pathology. Disease-modifying treatments targeting Aβ oligomers might have the highest therapeutic effect in these disease stages. Highlights: Using surface-based fluorescence intensity distribution analysis (sFIDA) technology, we quantified Aβ oligomers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of the DZNE-Longitudinal Cognitive Impairment and Dementia (DELCODE) cohort Aβ oligomers were significantly elevated in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) Amyloid-positive subjects in the subjective cognitive decline (SCD) group increased compared to the amyloid-negative control group Interestingly, levels of Aβ oligomers decrease at advanced stages of the disease (A+T+), which might be explained by altered clearing mechanisms.

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Blömeke, L., Rehn, F., Kraemer-Schulien, V., Kutzsche, J., Pils, M., Bujnicki, T.,... Peters, O. (2024). Aβ oligomers peak in early stages of Alzheimer's disease preceding tau pathology. Alzheimer's & Dementia : Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/dad2.12589


Blömeke, Lara, et al. "Aβ oligomers peak in early stages of Alzheimer's disease preceding tau pathology." Alzheimer's & Dementia : Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring 16.2 (2024).

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