A New Immortalized Human Lacrimal Gland Cell Line

Gleixner S, Zahn I, Dietrich J, Singh S, Drobny A, Schneider Y, Schwendner R, Socher E, Blavet N, Bräuer L, Gostian AO, Balk M, Schulze-Tanzil G, Günther C, Paulsen F, Arnold P (2024)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2024


Book Volume: 13

Pages Range: 622

Issue: 7

DOI: 10.3390/cells13070622


The lacrimal gland is crucial for maintaining ocular health by producing the aqueous component of the tear film, which hydrates and nourishes the ocular surface. Decreased production of this component results in dry eye disease, a condition affecting over 250 million people worldwide. However, the scarcity of primary human material for studying its underlying mechanisms and the absence of a cell model for human lacrimal gland epithelial cells present significant challenges. Here, we describe the generation of immortalized human lacrimal gland cell lines through the introduction of an SV40 antigen. We successfully isolated and characterized three cell clones from a female lacrimal gland donor, confirming their epithelial identity through genomic and protein analyses, including PCR, RNAseq, immunofluorescence and cultivation in a 3D spheroid model. Our findings represent a significant advancement, providing improved accessibility to investigate the molecular pathogenesis mechanisms of dry eye disease and potential therapeutic interventions. We identified the expression of typical epithelial cell marker genes and demonstrated the cells’ capability to form 2D cell sheets and 3D spheroids. This establishment of immortalized human lacrimal gland cells with epithelial characteristics holds promise for future comprehensive studies, contributing to a deeper understanding of dry eye disease and its cellular mechanisms.

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Gleixner, S., Zahn, I., Dietrich, J., Singh, S., Drobny, A., Schneider, Y.,... Arnold, P. (2024). A New Immortalized Human Lacrimal Gland Cell Line. Cells, 13, 622. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells13070622


Gleixner, Sophie, et al. "A New Immortalized Human Lacrimal Gland Cell Line." Cells 13 (2024): 622.

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