Biomarkers for Personalizing IBD Therapy: The Quest Continues

Atreya R, Neurath M (2024)

Publication Type: Journal article, Review article

Publication year: 2024


DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2024.01.026


Despite recent advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and advent of multiple targeted therapies, approximately one-third of patients are primary non-responders to initiated treatment, and half of patients lose response over time. There is currently a lack of available biomarkers that would prognosticate therapeutic effectiveness of these advanced therapies. This is partly explained by insufficient characterization of the functional roles assumed by the chosen molecular targets during disease treatment. There is a dire need for validated objective biomarkers, which could be indicators of a biological process, that can be applied in clinical practice to assist us in assigning therapies to patients with the highest probability of response. An appropriate molecular and cellular characterization that accounts for the interindividual differences in drug efficacy and potential side effects would help to guide clinicians in the management of patients with IBD and represent a major step to tailor a more personalized approach to treatment. An appropriate combination of complementing biomarkers should ideally incorporate a multimodal analysis in which genetic, microbial, transcriptional, proteomic, metabolic, and immunologic data are combined to enable a truly personalized approach. This would classify patients into disease subgroups according to molecular characteristics, which would enable us to initiate the most appropriate therapeutic substance. Emergence of single-cell technologies to map the intestinal cellular landscape and multiomic approaches have helped to further dissect the pathogenic mechanisms of mucosal inflammation, but the clinical translation of potential biomarkers remains cumbersome, and an ongoing concerted effort by the IBD community is required.

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How to cite


Atreya, R., & Neurath, M. (2024). Biomarkers for Personalizing IBD Therapy: The Quest Continues. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.


Atreya, Raja, and Markus Neurath. "Biomarkers for Personalizing IBD Therapy: The Quest Continues." Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology (2024).

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