Magnetic Supraparticles Capable of Recording High‐Temperature Events

Wolf A, Sauer J, Hurle K, Müssig S, Mandel K (2024)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2024


DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202316212


Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are prone to oxidation at elevated temperatures (>300 °C) and lose their magnetizability upon transition from magnetite/maghemite (γ-Fe2O3 / Fe3O4) to hematite (α-Fe2O3). Silica (SiO2) shells can effectively prevent this undesired effect up to ≈1000 °C. Herein, the study shows how to utilize SPIONs with varying SiO2 shell thickness and thus, different oxidation susceptibility, and how to combine them in micrometers sized assemblies – so-called supraparticles (SPs), to create a structurally emerging magnetic temperature recording functionality. The desired oxidation of non or weakly-protected SPIONs within SPs upon temperature events reduces dipole–dipole interactions of well-protected SPIONs in the confined SP entity. The resulting change of magnetic interactions therefore contains information on the thermal history of the SP, which can be spectrally read out via magnetic particle spectroscopy within seconds. Their working range can be tuned from 400 to 1000 °C on two independent structural hierarchy levels, namely the SiO2 shell thickness and the freely selectable ratios of different building blocks in the SP. The application of such SPs as particulate additives for magnetic recording of high-temperature events, especially relevant in metal, alloy, and ceramic processing, representing a yet unexplored and optically-independent option for bulk temperature recording is proposed.

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Wolf, A., Sauer, J., Hurle, K., Müssig, S., & Mandel, K. (2024). Magnetic Supraparticles Capable of Recording High‐Temperature Events. Advanced Functional Materials.


Wolf, Andreas, et al. "Magnetic Supraparticles Capable of Recording High‐Temperature Events." Advanced Functional Materials (2024).

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