Towards advanced piezoelectric metamaterial design via combined topology and shape optimization

Stankiewicz G, Dev C, Weichelt M, Fey T, Steinmann P (2024)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2024


Book Volume: 67

Article Number: 26

Journal Issue: 2

DOI: 10.1007/s00158-024-03742-w


Metamaterials open up a spectrum of artificially engineered properties otherwise unreachable in conventional bulk materials. For electromechanical energy conversion systems, lightweight materials with high hydrostatic piezoelectric coupling coefficients and negative Poisson’s ratio can be obtained. Thus, in this contribution, we explore the possibilities of piezoelectric metamaterials design by employing structural optimization. More specifically, we apply a sequential framework of topology and shape optimization to design piezoelectric metamaterials with negative Poisson’s ratio for electromechanical energy conversion under uniform pressure. Topology optimization is employed to generate the initial layout, whereas shape optimization fine tunes the design and improves durability and manufacturability of the structures with the help of a curvature constraint. An embedding domain discretization (EDD) method with adaptive domain and shape refinement is utilized for an efficient and accurate computation of the state problem in the shape optimization stage. Multiple case studies are conducted to determine the importance of desired stiffness characteristics, symmetry conditions and objective formulations on the design of piezoelectric metamaterials. Results show that the obtained designs are highly dependent on the desired stiffness characteristics. Moreover, the addition of the EDD-based shape optimization step introduces significant changes to the designs, confirming the usability of the sequential framework.

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How to cite


Stankiewicz, G., Dev, C., Weichelt, M., Fey, T., & Steinmann, P. (2024). Towards advanced piezoelectric metamaterial design via combined topology and shape optimization. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 67(2).


Stankiewicz, Gabriel, et al. "Towards advanced piezoelectric metamaterial design via combined topology and shape optimization." Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization 67.2 (2024).

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