Eavesdropper localization for quantum and classical channels via nonlinear scattering

Popp A, Sedlmeir F, Stiller B, Marquardt C (2024)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2024


Book Volume: 2

Pages Range: 21

Issue: 1

DOI: 10.1364/OPTICAQ.502944


Optical fiber networks are part of the important critical infrastructure and known to be prone to eavesdropping attacks. Hence, cryptographic methods have to be used to protect communication. Quantum key distribution (QKD), at its core, offers information theoretical security based on the laws of physics. In deployments, one has to take into account practical security and resilience. The latter includes the localization of a possible eavesdropper after an anomaly has been detected by the QKD system to avoid denial-of-service. Here, we present an approach to eavesdropper location that can be employed in quantum as well as classical channels using stimulated Brillouin scattering. The tight localization of the acoustic wave inside the fiber channel using correlated pump and probe waves allows discovery of the coordinates of a potential threat within centimeters. We demonstrate that our approach outperforms conventional optical time-domain reflectometry (OTDR) in the task of localizing an evanescent outcoupling of 1% with centimeter precision inside standard optical fibers. The system is furthermore able to clearly distinguish commercially available standard SMF28 from different manufacturers, paving the way for fingerprinted fibers in high-security environments.

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Popp, A., Sedlmeir, F., Stiller, B., & Marquardt, C. (2024). Eavesdropper localization for quantum and classical channels via nonlinear scattering. Optica Quantum, 2, 21. https://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPTICAQ.502944


Popp, Alexandra, et al. "Eavesdropper localization for quantum and classical channels via nonlinear scattering." Optica Quantum 2 (2024): 21.

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