Brand F, Seiler J, Kaup A (2024)
Publication Type: Journal article
Publication year: 2024
Pages Range: 1-1
Conditional coding is a new video coding paradigm enabled by neural-network-based compression. It can be shown that conditional coding is in theory better than the traditional residual coding, which is widely used in video compression standards like HEVC or VVC. However, on closer inspection, it becomes clear that conditional coders can suffer from information bottlenecks in the prediction path, i.e., that due to the data processing inequality not all information from the prediction signal can be passed to the reconstructed signal, thereby impairing the coder performance. In this paper we propose the conditional residual coding concept, which we derive from information theoretical properties of the conditional coder. This coder significantly reduces the influence of bottlenecks, while maintaining the theoretical performance of the conditional coder. We provide a theoretical analysis of the coding paradigm and demonstrate the performance of the conditional residual coder in a practical example. We show that conditional residual coders alleviate the disadvantages of conditional coders while being able to maintain their advantages over residual coders. In the spectrum of residual and conditional coding, we can therefore consider them as “the best from both worlds”.
Brand, F., Seiler, J., & Kaup, A. (2024). Conditional Residual Coding: A Remedy for Bottleneck Problems in Conditional Inter Frame Coding. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems For Video Technology, 1-1. https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TCSVT.2024.3359948
Brand, Fabian, Jürgen Seiler, and André Kaup. "Conditional Residual Coding: A Remedy for Bottleneck Problems in Conditional Inter Frame Coding." IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems For Video Technology (2024): 1-1.