PKD1L1 Is Involved in Congenital Chylothorax

Whitchurch JB, Schneider S, Hilger AC, Köllges R, Stegmann JD, Waffenschmidt L, Dyer L, Thiele H, Dhabhai B, Dakal TC, Müller A, Norris DP, Reutter HM (2024)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2024


Book Volume: 13

Journal Issue: 2

DOI: 10.3390/cells13020149


Besides visceral heterotaxia, Pkd1l1 null mouse embryos exhibit general edema and perinatal lethality. In humans, congenital chylothorax (CCT) is a frequent cause of fetal hydrops. In 2021, Correa and colleagues reported ultrarare compound heterozygous variants in PKD1L1 exhibiting in two consecutive fetuses with severe hydrops, implicating a direct role of PKD1L1 in fetal hydrops formation. Here, we performed an exome survey and identified ultrarare compound heterozygous variants in PKD1L1 in two of the five case-parent trios with CCT. In one family, the affected carried the ultrarare missense variants c.1543G>A(p.Gly515Arg) and c.3845T>A(p.Val1282Glu). In the other family, the affected carried the ultrarare loss-of-function variant (LoF) c.863delA(p.Asn288Thrfs*3) and the ultrarare missense variant c.6549G>T(p.Gln2183His). Investigation of the variants' impact on PKD1L1 protein localization suggests the missense variants cause protein dysfunction and the LoF variant causes protein mislocalization. Further analysis of Pkd1l1 mutant mouse embryos revealed about 20% of Pkd1l1-/- embryos display general edema and pleural effusion at 14.5 dpc. Immunofluorescence staining at 14.5 dpc in Pkd1l1-/- embryos displayed both normal and massively altered lymphatic vessel morphologies. Together, our studies suggest the implication of PKD1L1 in congenital lymphatic anomalies, including CCTs.

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How to cite


Whitchurch, J.B., Schneider, S., Hilger, A.C., Köllges, R., Stegmann, J.D., Waffenschmidt, L.,... Reutter, H.M. (2024). PKD1L1 Is Involved in Congenital Chylothorax. Cells, 13(2).


Whitchurch, Jonathan B., et al. "PKD1L1 Is Involved in Congenital Chylothorax." Cells 13.2 (2024).

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