Coincidence detection and integration behavior in spiking neural networks

Stoll A, Maier A, Krauß P, Gerum R, Schilling A (2023)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2023

Journal

DOI: 10.1007/s11571-023-10038-0

Abstract

Recently, the interest in spiking neural networks (SNNs) remarkably increased, as up to now some key advances of biological neural networks are still out of reach. Thus, the energy efficiency and the ability to dynamically react and adapt to input stimuli as observed in biological neurons is still difficult to achieve. One neuron model commonly used in SNNs is the leaky-integrate-and-fire (LIF) neuron. LIF neurons already show interesting dynamics and can be run in two operation modes: coincidence detectors for low and integrators for high membrane decay times, respectively. However, the emergence of these modes in SNNs and the consequence on network performance and information processing ability is still elusive. In this study, we examine the effect of different decay times in SNNs trained with a surrogate-gradient-based approach. We propose two measures that allow to determine the operation mode of LIF neurons: the number of contributing input spikes and the effective integration interval. We show that coincidence detection is characterized by a low number of input spikes as well as short integration intervals, whereas integration behavior is related to many input spikes over long integration intervals. We find the two measures to linearly correlate via a correlation factor that depends on the decay time. Thus, the correlation factor as function of the decay time shows a powerlaw behavior, which could be an intrinsic property of LIF networks. We argue that our work could be a starting point to further explore the operation modes in SNNs to boost efficiency and biological plausibility.

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How to cite

APA:

Stoll, A., Maier, A., Krauß, P., Gerum, R., & Schilling, A. (2023). Coincidence detection and integration behavior in spiking neural networks. Cognitive Neurodynamics. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11571-023-10038-0

MLA:

Stoll, Andreas, et al. "Coincidence detection and integration behavior in spiking neural networks." Cognitive Neurodynamics (2023).

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