Enabling Wireless-Powered IoT through Incentive-based UAV Swarm Orchestration

Mekikis PV, Bouzinis PS, Mitsiou NA, Tegos SA, Tyrovolas D, Papanikolaou V, Karagiannidis GK (2023)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2023


Pages Range: 1-1

DOI: 10.1109/OJCOMS.2023.3323031


The rapidly growing demand for vast numbers of Internet of Things (IoT), in both urban and rural areas, necessitates their ceaseless and automatic energy supply. This is particularly vital in cases where the IoT sensors are deployed in distant or dangerous locations outside human reach. In this direction, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with wireless power transfer (WPT) capabilities can address this issue, due to their flexible deployment. To this end, we devise an architecture in which a UAV swarm covers the energy demand of an IoT network, while concurrently, the UAVs fulfil their energy needs through a charging station (CS) infrastructure. A practical energy model is considered, which takes into account the UAVs’ battery level, energy consumption due to transition to different locations, hovering, and WPT. Also, to capture the UAV-CS interaction, an economic model is introduced. The UAVs aim to maximize their profit by transferring energy to the IoT, while the CSs aim to maximize their profit by recharging the UAVs. To ensure a profit-wise stable CS-UAV association, while providing energy coverage to the IoT, we formulate a many-to-one matching game. Due to inter-dependencies between UAVs’ utilities, i.e., externalities, a matching algorithm with two-sided exchange-stability is proposed. To further evaluate the considered system, we design an optimization scheme which performs the UAV-CS assignment towards maximizing the energy coverage of the IDs. Numerical results showcase the matching algorithm’s ability to provide near-optimal energy coverage to the IDs, while balancing fairness among the competing agents’ profit, compared to the optimization scheme.

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Mekikis, P.V., Bouzinis, P.S., Mitsiou, N.A., Tegos, S.A., Tyrovolas, D., Papanikolaou, V., & Karagiannidis, G.K. (2023). Enabling Wireless-Powered IoT through Incentive-based UAV Swarm Orchestration. IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society, 1-1. https://doi.org/10.1109/OJCOMS.2023.3323031


Mekikis, Prodromos Vasileios, et al. "Enabling Wireless-Powered IoT through Incentive-based UAV Swarm Orchestration." IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society (2023): 1-1.

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