Djitté SM (2024)

**Publication Status:** Submitted

**Publication Type:** Unpublished / Preprint

**Future Publication Type:** Journal article

**Publication year:** 2024

**URI:** https://arxiv.org/pdf/2309.09114.pdf

**Open Access Link:** https://arxiv.org/pdf/2309.09114.pdf

This paper is devoted to the Laplacian operator of fractional order s∈(0, 1) in several dimensions. We first establish a representation formula for the partial derivatives of the solutions of the homogeneous Dirichlet problem. Along the way, we obtain a Pohozaev-type identity for the fractional Green function and of the fractional Robin function. The latter extends to the fractional setting a formula obtained by Brezis and Peletier, see [11], in the classical case of the Laplacian. As an application we consider the particle system extending the classical point vortex system to the case of a fractional Laplacian. We observe that, for a single particle in a bounded domain, the properties of the fractional Robin function are crucial for the study of the steady states. We also extend the classical Hadamard variational formula to the fractional Green function as well as to the shape derivative of weak solution to the homogeneous Dirichlet problem. Finally we turn to the inhomogeneous Dirichlet problem and extend a formula by J.L. Lions, see [57], regarding the kernel of the reproducing kernel Hilbert space of harmonic functions to the case of s-harmonic functions. We observe that, despite the order of the operator is not 2, this formula looks like the Hadamard variational formula, answering in a negative way to an open question raised in [24].

Sidy Moctar Djitté
Lehrstuhl für Dynamics, Control, Machine Learning and Numerics (Alexander von Humboldt-Professur)

**APA:**

Djitté, S.M. (2024). *A few representation formulas for solutions of fractional Laplace equations. *(Unpublished, Submitted).

**MLA:**

Djitté, Sidy Moctar. *A few representation formulas for solutions of fractional Laplace equations.* Unpublished, Submitted. 2024.

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