Ruiz Madronero C, Terlinden M, Engelhardt M, Magnabosco G, Papastavrou G, Vogel N, Thommes M, Bachmann J (2023)
Publication Type: Journal article
Publication year: 2023
A geometrically tunable nanoporous system featuring enhanced active surface area by stacking of spheres in cylindrical pores is fabricated. Highly ordered arrays of straight, constricted pores are obtained by anodization of metallic aluminum. Polystyrene (PS) spheres are assembled inside the pores by flowing their suspension through the porous membrane, whereas the construction serves as a filter. After surface functionalization with a noble metal catalyst, these model electrocatalysis systems exhibit functional properties (capacitance in electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) that mirror their geometric parameters. A systematic investigation of the system's geometry as it depends on the surface chemistry of the pores, on the one hand, and the physical parameters of the infiltration procedure, on the other hand, shows that mechanical stacking prevails over surface chemical interactions to determine the stacking density. The highest values of surface area are obtained when PS spheres are put in contact with HfO2 followed by ZnO according to adsorption measurements. Surface derivatization with organic layers does not improve stacking any further. However, choosing the proper concentration of PS spheres and flow rate are crucial for obtaining densely packed sphere assemblies without clogging of the pore entrance.
Ruiz Madronero, C., Terlinden, M., Engelhardt, M., Magnabosco, G., Papastavrou, G., Vogel, N.,... Bachmann, J. (2023). Preparation and Surface Functionalization of a Tunable Porous System Featuring Stacked Spheres in Cylindrical Pores. Advanced Materials Interfaces. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/admi.202300436
Ruiz Madronero, Christhy, et al. "Preparation and Surface Functionalization of a Tunable Porous System Featuring Stacked Spheres in Cylindrical Pores." Advanced Materials Interfaces (2023).