Method for comparison of data driven gating algorithms in emission tomography

Reymann M, Vija AH, Maier A (2023)

Publication Type: Journal article, Original article

Publication year: 2023



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Objective: Multiple algorithms have been proposed for Data Driven Gating (DDG) in Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and have successfully been applied to Myocardial Perfusion Imaging (MPI). Application of DDG to acquisition types other than SPECT MPI has not been demonstrated so far, as limitations and pitfalls of current methods are unknown. Approach: We create a comprehensive set of phantoms simulating the influence of different motion artifacts, view angles, moving objects, contrast, and count levels in SPECT. We perform Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) of the phantoms, allowing the characterization of DDG algorithms using quantitative metrics derived from the data and evaluate the Center of Light (COL) and Laplacian Eigenmaps (LE) methods as sample DDG algorithms. Main results: View angle, object size, count rate density, and contrast influence the accuracy of both DDG methods. Moreover, the ability to extract the respiratory motion in the phantom was shown to correlate with the contrast of the moving feature to the background, the Signal to Noise ratio, and the noise in the data. Significance: We showed that reporting the average correlation to an external physical reference signal per acquisition is not sufficient to characterize DDG methods. Assessing DDG methods on a view-by-view basis using the simulations and metrics from this work could enable the identification of pitfalls of current methods, and extend their application to acquisitions beyond SPECT MPI.

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Reymann, M., Vija, A.H., & Maier, A. (2023). Method for comparison of data driven gating algorithms in emission tomography. Physics in Medicine and Biology.


Reymann, Maximilian, A. Hans Vija, and Andreas Maier. "Method for comparison of data driven gating algorithms in emission tomography." Physics in Medicine and Biology (2023).

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