Hematoma expansion in intracerebral hemorrhage – the right target?

Haupenthal D, Schwab S, Kuramatsu J (2023)

Publication Type: Journal article, Review article

Publication year: 2023


Book Volume: 5

Article Number: 36

Journal Issue: 1

DOI: 10.1186/s42466-023-00256-6


Background: The avoidance of hematoma expansion is the most important therapeutic goal during acute care of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Hematoma expansion occurs in up to 20–40% of patients and leads to poorer patient outcome in one of the most severe sub-types of stroke. Main text: At current, randomized controlled trials have failed to provide evidence for interventions that effectively improve functional outcome in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Hence, hematoma expansion may serve as important surrogate target that appears causally linked with a poorer prognosis. Therefore, reduction of hematoma expansion rates will eventually translate to improved patient outcome overall. Recent years have shed light on the importance of early and aggressive treatment in order to reduce the risk for hematoma expansion in these patients. Time measures and imaging markers have been identified that may allow patient selection at very high risk for hematoma expansion. Conclusions: Refinements in patient selection may increase chance for randomized trials to show true benefit. Therefore, this current review article will critically evaluate and discuss available evidence associated with hematoma expansion in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.

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How to cite


Haupenthal, D., Schwab, S., & Kuramatsu, J. (2023). Hematoma expansion in intracerebral hemorrhage – the right target? Neurological Research and Practice, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42466-023-00256-6


Haupenthal, David, Stefan Schwab, and Joji Kuramatsu. "Hematoma expansion in intracerebral hemorrhage – the right target?" Neurological Research and Practice 5.1 (2023).

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