Quaternary and pentanar mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticles as novel nanocarriers for gallic acid: Characterisation, drug release and antibacterial activity
Damian-Buda AI, Nawaz Q, Ünalan I, Beltrán AM, Boccaccini AR (2023)
Publication Type: Journal article
Publication year: 2023
Mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticles (MBGNs) have gained considerable attention as multifunctional platforms for simultaneously releasing ions and phytotherapeutic compounds. Thus, in the first part of this study, MBGNs based on the 53SiO2–4P2O5–20CaO–23Na2O (wt %) (S53P4) composition were synthesized by a microemulsion assisted sol-gel method. More precisely, P2O5 was substituted with B2O3 and Na2O with MgO and/or ZnO. For B containing MBGNs all ions were successfully incorporated into the borosilicate structure without inducing crystallisation. In contrast, for S53P4 a poorly crystalline hydroxyapatite phase was identified. All MBGNs had a typical spherical shape with an internal radial network of mesopores. Additionally, for S53P4 a second fraction of particles with a smaller size and compact core was observed. Secondly, the feasibility of MBGNs as nanocarriers for gallic acid (GA) was evaluated. All drug-loaded samples showed a similar in vitro release profile which can be divided into three main phases: burst release, slow release and sustained release. Among the different compositions, S53P4 exhibited the highest cumulative release, whereas B and Mg containing particles exhibited the opposite. The presence of Zn in the MBGN compositions improved their antibacterial effect against both E. coli and S. aureus. Moreover, it was shown that depending on the MBGNs’ composition, the antibacterial activity of GA loaded MBGNs can be enhanced. Thus, the results proved that MBGNs can be used as controlled drug delivery system and, by tailoring the composition, a synergistic antibacterial effect can be achieved, considering that GA and biologically active ions are simultaneously released.
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Damian-Buda, A.-I., Nawaz, Q., Ünalan, I., Beltrán, A.M., & Boccaccini, A.R. (2023). Quaternary and pentanar mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticles as novel nanocarriers for gallic acid: Characterisation, drug release and antibacterial activity. Ceramics International. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2023.06.250
Damian-Buda, Andrada-Ioana, et al. "Quaternary and pentanar mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticles as novel nanocarriers for gallic acid: Characterisation, drug release and antibacterial activity." Ceramics International (2023).