Few-electron correlations after ultrafast photoemission from nanometric needle tips

Meier S, Heimerl J, Hommelhoff P (2023)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2023


DOI: 10.1038/s41567-023-02059-7


Free electrons are essential in such diverse applications as electron microscopes, accelerators and photoemission spectroscopy. However, the space charge effects of many electrons are often a problem and, when confined to extremely small space–time dimensions, even two electrons can interact strongly. Here we demonstrate that the resulting Coulomb repulsion can be highly advantageous, as it leads to strong electron–electron correlations. We show that femtosecond laser-emitted electrons from nanometric needle tips are highly anticorrelated in terms of energy because of dynamic Coulomb repulsion, with a visibility of 56%. We extract a mean energy splitting of 3.3 eV and a correlation decay time of 82 fs. The energy-filtered electrons display a sub-Poissonian number distribution with a second-order correlation function as small as g (2) = 0.34, implying that shot-noise-reduced pulsed electron beams can be realized by simple energy filtering. We also reach the strong-field regime of laser-driven electron emission and gain insights into how the electron correlations of the different electron classes (direct or rescattered) are influenced by the strong laser fields.

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Meier, S., Heimerl, J., & Hommelhoff, P. (2023). Few-electron correlations after ultrafast photoemission from nanometric needle tips. Nature Physics. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41567-023-02059-7


Meier, Stefan, Jonas Heimerl, and Peter Hommelhoff. "Few-electron correlations after ultrafast photoemission from nanometric needle tips." Nature Physics (2023).

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