Strategies for regional modeling of surface mass balance at the Monte Sarmiento Massif, Tierra del Fuego

Temme F, Farías Barahona D, Seehaus T, Janã R, Arigony-Neto J, Gonzalez I, Arndt A, Sauter T, Schneider C, Fürst J (2023)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2023

Journal

Book Volume: 17

Pages Range: 2343--2365

Journal Issue: 6

URI: https://tc.copernicus.org/articles/17/2343/2023/

DOI: 10.5194/tc-17-2343-2023

Abstract

This study investigates strategies for calibration of surface mass balance (SMB) models in the Monte Sarmiento Massif (MSM), Tierra del Fuego, with the goal to achieve realistic simulations of the regional SMB. Applied calibration strategies range from a local single-glacier calibration to a regional calibration with the inclusion of a snowdrift parametrization. We apply four SMB models of different complexity. This way, we examine the model transferability in space, the benefit of regional mass change observations and the advantage of increasing the complexity level regarding included processes. Measurements include ablation and ice thickness observations at Schiaparelli Glacier as well as elevation changes and flow velocity from satellite data for the entire study site. Performance of simulated SMB is validated against geodetic mass changes and stake observations of surface melting. Results show that transferring SMB models in space is a challenge, and common practices can produce distinctly biased estimates. Model performance can be significantly improved by the use of remotely sensed regional observations. Furthermore, we have shown that snowdrift does play an important role for the SMB in the Cordillera Darwin, where strong and consistent winds prevail. The massif-wide average annual SMB between 2000 and 2022 falls between -0.28 and -0.07 m w.e. yr-1, depending on the applied model. The SMB is mainly controlled by surface melting and snowfall. The model intercomparison does not indicate one obviously best-suited model for SMB simulations in the MSM.

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APA:

Temme, F., Farías Barahona, D., Seehaus, T., Janã, R., Arigony-Neto, J., Gonzalez, I.,... Fürst, J. (2023). Strategies for regional modeling of surface mass balance at the Monte Sarmiento Massif, Tierra del Fuego. Cryosphere, 17(6), 2343--2365. https://dx.doi.org/10.5194/tc-17-2343-2023

MLA:

Temme, Franziska, et al. "Strategies for regional modeling of surface mass balance at the Monte Sarmiento Massif, Tierra del Fuego." Cryosphere 17.6 (2023): 2343--2365.

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