Update: on selected ROP cell polarity mechanisms in plant cell morphogenesis

Müller S (2023)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2023


DOI: 10.1093/plphys/kiad229


The unequal (asymmetric) distribution of cell structures and proteins within a cell is designated as cell polarity. Cell polarity is a crucial prerequisite for morphogenetic processes such as oriented cell division and directed cell expansion. Rho-related GTPase from plants (ROPs) are required for cellular morphogenesis through the reorganization of the cytoskeleton and vesicle transport in various tissues. Here, I review recent advances in ROP-dependent tip growth, vesicle transport, and tip architecture. I report on the regulatory mechanisms of ROP upstream regulators found in different cell types. It appears that these regulators assemble in nanodomains with specific lipid compositions and recruit ROPs for activation in a stimulus-dependent manner. Current models link mechanosensing/mechanotransduction to ROP polarity signaling involved in feedback mechanisms via the cytoskeleton. Finally, I discuss ROP signaling components that are upregulated by tissue-specific transcription factors and exhibit specific localization patterns during cell division, clearly suggesting ROP signaling in division plane alignment.

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How to cite


Müller, S. (2023). Update: on selected ROP cell polarity mechanisms in plant cell morphogenesis. Plant Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1093/plphys/kiad229


Müller, Sabine. "Update: on selected ROP cell polarity mechanisms in plant cell morphogenesis." Plant Physiology (2023).

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