Rösel U, Kneidl M, Franke J, Drummer D (2023)
Publication Language: English
Publication Type: Journal article
Publication year: 2023
Pages Range: 1-20
The expanding demand for electro mobility in general and specifically for electrified vehicles requires the expansion of electro mobility technology with respect to variations in the requirements of the process and the application. Within the stator, the electrical insulation system has a high impact on the application properties. So far, limitations, such as the identification of suitable materials for the stator insulation or high costs in the processes, have hindered the implementation of new applications. Therefore, a new technology that allows integrated fabrication via the injection molding of thermosets is founded in order to expand the applications of stators. The possibility of the integrated fabrication of insulation systems to meet the demands of the application can be improved by the processing conditions and the slot design. Within this paper, two epoxy (EP) types with different fillers are investigated to show the impact of the fabrication process in terms of different parameters; these include the holding pressure or the temperature setup, as well as the slot design and with that the flow conditions. To evaluate the improvement in the insulation system of electric drives, a single slot sample, consisting of two parallel copper wires, was used. Then, the two parameters of the average partial discharge (PD) and the partial discharge extinction voltage (PDEV), as well as the full encapsulation detected by microscopy images, were analyzed. It was shown that both characteristics (electric properties—PD and PDEV; full encapsulation) could be improved in terms of an increase in the holding pressure (up to 600 bar) or a reduction in the heating time (around 40 s), as well as the injection speed (down to 15 mm/s). Further, an improvement in the properties can be reached by increasing the space between the wires, as well as the wire and the stack, due to a higher slot depth or by implementing flow-improving grooves that have a positive effect on the flow conditions. With that, the optimization of the integrated fabrication of insulation systems in electric drives via the injection molding of thermosets was enabled with respect to the process conditions and the slot design.
Rösel, U., Kneidl, M., Franke, J., & Drummer, D. (2023). Improving the integrated fabrication of insulation systems in electric drives by injection molding of thermosets due to processing conditions and slot design. Polymers, 1-20. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym15051165
Rösel, Uta, et al. "Improving the integrated fabrication of insulation systems in electric drives by injection molding of thermosets due to processing conditions and slot design." Polymers (2023): 1-20.