Eligibility for 177Lu-PSMA Therapy Depends on the Choice of Companion Diagnostic Tracer: A Comparison of 68Ga-PSMA-11 and 99mTc-MIP-1404 in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Cook GJ, Wong WL, Sanghera B, Mangar S, Challapalli A, Bahl A, Bassett P, Leaning D, Schmidkonz C (2023)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2023

Journal

Book Volume: 64

Pages Range: 227-231

Journal Issue: 2

DOI: 10.2967/jnumed.122.264296

Abstract

177Lu-prostate-specific membrane antigen-617 (177Lu-PSMA-617) is an effective therapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), with evidence of improved survival over standard care. The VISION trial inclusion criteria required a metastatic lesion-to-liver ratio of greater than 1 on 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET scans. We aimed to determine whether an equivalent ratio is suitable for a SPECT tracer, 99mTc-MIP-1404, and to compare lesion and lesion-to-normal-organ ratios between the 2 radiotracers. Methods: Two cohorts of patients with mCRPC matched for age, prostate-specific antigen level, and total Gleason score, with either 99mTc-MIP-1404 SPECT/CT (n = 25) or 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT (n = 25) scans, were included for analysis. Up to 3 lesions in each site (prostate/prostate bed, lymph nodes, bone and soft-tissue metastases) as well as normal liver, parotid gland, spleen, and mediastinal blood-pool SUVmax were measured. Results:99mTc-MIP-1404 SPECT lesion SUVmax was not significantly different from 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET (median, 18.2 vs. 17.3; P = 0.93). However, 99mTc-MIP-1404 liver SUVmax was higher (median, 8.5 vs. 5.8; P = 0.002) and lesion-to-liver ratios were lower (median, 2.7 vs. 3.5; P = 0.009). There was no significant difference in parotid gland or splenic SUVmax or lesion-to-parotid gland ratios between the 2 tracers although there was a small difference in lesion-to-spleen ratios (P = 0.034). Conclusion: There are differences in biodistribution and, in particular, liver activity, between 68Ga-PSMA-11 and 99mTc-MIP-1404. Therefore, if 99mTc-MIP-1404 is used to assess eligibility for 177Lu-PSMA-617 therapy, a lower adjusted lesion-to-liver ratio should be used.

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APA:

Cook, G.J., Wong, W.L., Sanghera, B., Mangar, S., Challapalli, A., Bahl, A.,... Schmidkonz, C. (2023). Eligibility for 177Lu-PSMA Therapy Depends on the Choice of Companion Diagnostic Tracer: A Comparison of 68Ga-PSMA-11 and 99mTc-MIP-1404 in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 64(2), 227-231. https://dx.doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.122.264296

MLA:

Cook, Gary J.R., et al. "Eligibility for 177Lu-PSMA Therapy Depends on the Choice of Companion Diagnostic Tracer: A Comparison of 68Ga-PSMA-11 and 99mTc-MIP-1404 in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer." Journal of Nuclear Medicine 64.2 (2023): 227-231.

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