Science communication on the public health risks of air pollution: a computational scoping review from 1958 to 2022

Pfleger E, Adrian C, Lutz R, Drexler H (2023)


Publication Language: English

Publication Type: Journal article, Review article

Publication year: 2023

Journal

URI: https://rdcu.be/c4UyC

DOI: 10.1186/s13690-023-01031-4

Open Access Link: https://rdcu.be/c4UyC

Abstract

Background Air pollutants are a health risk for the entire population. Particulate matter (PM) including the smallest fraction, ultra-fine particles (UFP), therefore continue to be the focus of scientific research in this area. To protect the population from the harmful effects of exposure to PM, communication and information of research results are of spe- cial relevance as individuals with heightened awareness of the harms of poor air quality are more likely to take action to improve their exposure.

Methods We conducted a scoping review of the scientific literature on science communication of public health information about risks associated with air pollutants to generate an initial over-view of existing research in this field. We searched the PubMed and Scopus databases and analyzed the data using a structured topic modeling (STM) approach.

Results The existing scientific literature dates back to 1958 but increases significantly from the 1990s onwards. Publi- cations are mainly found in the discipline of environmental research and are primarily concerned with health effects. It is often stated that adequate communication of the results to the public would be important, but specific approaches are rare. Overall, the topic of risk communication seems to be underrepresented for both air pollutants and UFP.

Conclusions To protect public health, it is important to conduct more intensive science and risk communication related to scientific findings on the risks of air pollutants. For adequate communication and information, further research is needed to provide specific approaches that also involve the affected population and take different target groups into account. In addition, the effectiveness of communication efforts should also be analyzed.

Authors with CRIS profile

How to cite

APA:

Pfleger, E., Adrian, C., Lutz, R., & Drexler, H. (2023). Science communication on the public health risks of air pollution: a computational scoping review from 1958 to 2022. Archives of Public Health. https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13690-023-01031-4

MLA:

Pfleger, Elisabeth, et al. "Science communication on the public health risks of air pollution: a computational scoping review from 1958 to 2022." Archives of Public Health (2023).

BibTeX: Download