Cortactin: A universal host cytoskeletal target of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial pathogens

Sharafutdinov I, Knorr J, Rottner K, Backert S, Tegtmeyer N (2022)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022

Journal

DOI: 10.1111/mmi.15002

Abstract

Pathogenic bacteria possess a great potential of causing infectious diseases and represent a serious threat to human and animal health. Understanding the molecular basis of infection development can provide new valuable strategies for disease prevention and better control. In host-pathogen interactions, actin-cytoskeletal dynamics play a crucial role in the successful adherence, invasion, and intracellular motility of many intruding microbial pathogens. Cortactin, a major cellular factor that promotes actin polymerization and other functions, appears as a central regulator of host-pathogen interactions and different human diseases including cancer development. Various important microbes have been reported to hijack cortactin signaling during infection. The primary regulation of cortactin appears to proceed via serine and/or tyrosine phosphorylation events by upstream kinases, acetylation, and interaction with various other host proteins, including the Arp2/3 complex, filamentous actin, the actin nucleation promoting factor N-WASP, focal adhesion kinase FAK, the large GTPase dynamin-2, the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Vav2, and the actin-stabilizing protein CD2AP. Given that many signaling factors can affect cortactin activities, several microbes target certain unique pathways, while also sharing some common features. Here we review our current knowledge of the hallmarks of cortactin as a major target for eminent Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial pathogens in humans.

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APA:

Sharafutdinov, I., Knorr, J., Rottner, K., Backert, S., & Tegtmeyer, N. (2022). Cortactin: A universal host cytoskeletal target of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial pathogens. Molecular Microbiology. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mmi.15002

MLA:

Sharafutdinov, Irshad, et al. "Cortactin: A universal host cytoskeletal target of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial pathogens." Molecular Microbiology (2022).

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