Real Life Study of Lenvatinib Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: RELEVANT Study

Casadei-Gardini A, Rimini M, Kudo M, Shimose S, Tada T, Suda G, Goh MJ, Jefremow A, Scartozzi M, Cabibbo G, Campani C, Tamburini E, Tovoli F, Ueshima K, Aoki T, Iwamoto H, Torimura T, Kumada T, Hiraoka A, Atsukawa M, Itobayashi E, Toyoda H, Sakamoto N, Sho T, Kang W, Siebler J, Neurath M, Burgio V, Cascinu S (2022)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022


Book Volume: 11

Pages Range: 527-539

Journal Issue: 6

DOI: 10.1159/000525145


Introduction: In the REFLECT trial, lenvatinib was found to be noninferior compared to sorafenib in terms of overall survival. Here, we analyze the effects of lenvatinib in the real-life experience of several centers across the world and identify clinical factors that could be significantly associated with survival outcomes. Methods: The study population was derived from retrospectively collected data of HCC patients treated with lenvatinib. The overall cohort included western and eastern populations from 23 center in five countries. Results: We included 1,325 patients with HCC and treated with lenvatinib in our analysis. Median OS was 16.1 months. Overall response rate was 38.5%. Multivariate analysis for OS highlighted that HBsAg positive, NLR >3, and AST >38 were independently associated with poor prognosis in all models. Conversely, NAFLD/NASH-related etiology was independently associated with good prognosis. Median progression-free survival was 6.3 months. Multivariate analysis for progression-free survival revealed that NAFLD/NASH, BCLC, NLR, and AST were independent prognostic factors for progression-free survival. A proportion of 75.2% of patients suffered from at least one adverse effect during the study period. Multivariate analysis exhibited the appearance of decreased appetite grade ≥2 versus grade 0-1 as an independent prognostic factor for worse progression-free survival. 924 patients of 1,325 progressed during lenvatinib (69.7%), and 827 of them had a follow-up over 2 months from the beginning of second-line treatment. From first-line therapy, the longest median OS was obtained with the sequence lenvatinib and immunotherapy (47.0 months), followed by TACE (24.7 months), ramucirumab (21.2 months), sorafenib (15.7 months), regorafenib (12.7 months), and best supportive care (10.8 months). Conclusions: Our study confirms in a large and global population of patients with advanced HCC, not candidates for locoregional treatment the OS reported in the registration study and a high response rate with lenvatinib.

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Casadei-Gardini, A., Rimini, M., Kudo, M., Shimose, S., Tada, T., Suda, G.,... Cascinu, S. (2022). Real Life Study of Lenvatinib Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: RELEVANT Study. Liver Cancer, 11(6), 527-539.


Casadei-Gardini, Andrea, et al. "Real Life Study of Lenvatinib Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: RELEVANT Study." Liver Cancer 11.6 (2022): 527-539.

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