Enhancing Human Pose Estimation in Ancient Vase Paintings via Perceptually-grounded Style Transfer Learning

Madhu P, Villar-Corrales A, Kosti RV, Bendschus T, Reinhardt C, Bell P, Maier A, Christlein V (2022)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022

Journal

Original Authors: Prathmesh Madhu, Angel Villar-Corrales, Ronak Kosti, Torsten Bendschus, Corinna Reinhardt, Peter Bell, Andreas Maier, Vincent Christlein

DOI: 10.1145/3569089

Abstract

Human pose estimation (HPE) is a central part of understanding the visual narration and body movements of characters depicted in artwork collections, such as Greek vase paintings. Unfortunately, existing HPE methods do not generalise well across domains resulting in poorly recognised poses. Therefore, we propose a two step approach: (1) adapting a dataset of natural images of known person and pose annotations to the style of Greek vase paintings by means of image style-transfer. We introduce a perceptually-grounded style transfer training to enforce perceptual consistency. Then, we fine-tune the base model with this newly created dataset. We show that using style-transfer learning significantly improves the SOTA performance on unlabelled data by more than 6% mean average precision (mAP) as well as mean average recall (mAR). (2) To improve the already strong results further, we created a small dataset (ClassArch) consisting of ancient Greek vase paintings from the 6–5th century BCE with person and pose annotations. We show that fine-tuning on this data with a style-transferred model improves the performance further. In a thorough ablation study, we give a targeted analysis of the influence of style intensities, revealing that the model learns generic domain styles. Additionally, we provide a pose-based image retrieval to demonstrate the effectiveness of our method. The code and pretrained models can be found at https://github.com/angelvillar96/STLPose.

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APA:

Madhu, P., Villar-Corrales, A., Kosti, R.V., Bendschus, T., Reinhardt, C., Bell, P.,... Christlein, V. (2022). Enhancing Human Pose Estimation in Ancient Vase Paintings via Perceptually-grounded Style Transfer Learning. Journal of Computing and Cultural Heritage. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3569089

MLA:

Madhu, Prathmesh, et al. "Enhancing Human Pose Estimation in Ancient Vase Paintings via Perceptually-grounded Style Transfer Learning." Journal of Computing and Cultural Heritage (2022).

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