Electroretinographic responses to luminance and cone-isolating white noise stimuli in macaques

Kremers J, Aher A, Parry NRA, Patel NB, Frishman LJ (2022)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022


Book Volume: 16

DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2022.925405


Electroretinograms (ERGs) are mass potentials with a retinal origin that can be measured non-invasively. They can provide information about the physiology of the retina. Often, ERGs are measured to flashes that are highly unnatural stimuli. To obtain more information about the physiology of the retina, we measured ERGs with temporal white noise (TWN) stimuli that are more natural and keep the retina in a normal range of operation. The stimuli can be combined with the silent substitution stimulation technique with which the responses of single photoreceptor types can be isolated. We characterized electroretinogram (ERG) responses driven by luminance activity or by the L- or the M-cones. The ERGs were measured from five anesthetized macaques (two females) to luminance, to L-cone isolating and to M-cone isolating stimuli in which luminance or cone excitation were modulated with a TWN profile. The responses from different recordings were correlated with each other to study reproducibility and inter-individual variability. Impulse response functions (IRFs) were derived by cross-correlating the response with the stimulus. Modulation transfer functions (MTFs) were the IRFs in the frequency domain. The responses to luminance and L-cone isolating stimuli showed the largest reproducibility. The M-cone driven responses showed the smallest inter-individual variability. The IRFs and MTFs showed early (high frequency) components that were dominated by L-cone driven signals. A late component was equally driven by L- and M-cone activity. The IRFs showed characteristic similarities and differences relative to flash ERGs. The responses to TWN stimuli can be used to characterize the involvement of retinal cells and pathways to the ERG response. It can also be used to identify linear and non-linear processes.

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Kremers, J., Aher, A., Parry, N.R.A., Patel, N.B., & Frishman, L.J. (2022). Electroretinographic responses to luminance and cone-isolating white noise stimuli in macaques. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 16. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2022.925405


Kremers, Jan, et al. "Electroretinographic responses to luminance and cone-isolating white noise stimuli in macaques." Frontiers in Neuroscience 16 (2022).

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