Hybrid magnetorheological elastomers enable versatile soft actuators

Moreno Mateos MA, Hossain M, Steinmann P, Garcia-Gonzalez D (2022)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022


Book Volume: 8

Article Number: 162

Journal Issue: 1

DOI: 10.1038/s41524-022-00844-1


Recent advances in magnetorheological elastomers (MREs) have posed the question on whether the combination of both soft- and hard-magnetic particles may open new routes to design versatile multifunctional actuators. Here, we conceptualise ultra-soft hybrid MREs (≈1–10 kPa stiffness) combining experimental and computational approaches. First, a comprehensive experimental characterisation is performed. The results unravel that the magneto-mechanical performance of hybrid MREs can be optimised by selecting an adequate mixing ratio between particles. Then, a multi-physics computational framework provides insights into the synergistic magneto-mechanical interactions at the microscale. Soft particles amplify the magnetisation and hard particles contribute to torsional actuation. Our numerical results suggest that the effective response of hybrid MREs emerges from these intricate interactions. Overall, we uncover exciting possibilities to push the frontiers of MRE solutions. These are demonstrated by simulating a bimorph beam that provides actuation flexibility either enhancing mechanical bending or material stiffening, depending on the magnetic stimulation.

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Moreno Mateos, M.A., Hossain, M., Steinmann, P., & Garcia-Gonzalez, D. (2022). Hybrid magnetorheological elastomers enable versatile soft actuators. npj Computational Materials, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41524-022-00844-1


Moreno Mateos, Miguel Angel, et al. "Hybrid magnetorheological elastomers enable versatile soft actuators." npj Computational Materials 8.1 (2022).

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