Dosimetry, Optimization and FMEA of Total Skin Electron Irradiation (TSEI)

Shariff M, Stillkrieg W, Lotter M, Lohmann D, Weissmann T, Fietkau R, Bert C (2022)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022


Book Volume: 32

Pages Range: 228-239

Journal Issue: 2

DOI: 10.1016/j.zemedi.2021.09.004


Purpose: Total Skin Electron Irradiation (TSEI) is a method for treating malignant cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. This work aims to implement and optimize the total skin technique established at Strahlenklinik Erlangen, Germany on two new linear accelerators and to quantify the risks using failure mode and effects (FMEA) analysis. Material and methods: TSEI is performed at a VersaHD accelerator (Elekta, Stockholm) with 6 MeV in the “high dose rate mode” HDRE and a nominal field size of 40 × 40 cm2. To reach the entire skin surface, the patients perform 6 different body positions at a distance of 330 cm behind an acrylic scatter plate, with two overlapping irradiation fields being radiated at 2 gantry angles per position. The irradiation technique was commissioned according to the recommendation of AAPM report 23. With the help of a reference profile at 270°, 2 gantry angles were calculated, which in total resulted in an optimal dose distribution. This was metrologically verified with ion-chamber measurements in the patient's longitudinal axis. The influence of the shape of the acrylic scatter plate and the distance between the acrylic scatter plate and patient was determined by measurements. The dose homogeneity was verified using an anthropomorphic disc phantom equipped with GafChromic films. The workflows and failure modes of the total skin technique were described in a process map and subsequently quantified with a FMEA analysis. Results: An optimal dose distribution is achieved at a distance of SSD = 330 cm, using the gantry angles 289° and 251°. The previously used segmented acrylic scatter plate was replaced by a flat plate (200 × 120 × 0.5 cm3), which is placed at a distance of 50 cm in front of the patient. The densitometric evaluation of the GafChromic films in the anthropomorphic disc phantom revealed an expected dose distribution of 3 Gy at a depth of up to 1.5 cm below the skin surface, with a homogeneity of ±10% over the phantom's longitudinal axis. By FMEA a maximum risk priority number of 30 was determined. Conclusion: Based on the calculations and measurements performed on the new accelerators as well as the risk analysis, we concluded that total skin therapy can be implemented clinically.

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Shariff, M., Stillkrieg, W., Lotter, M., Lohmann, D., Weissmann, T., Fietkau, R., & Bert, C. (2022). Dosimetry, Optimization and FMEA of Total Skin Electron Irradiation (TSEI). Zeitschrift für Medizinische Physik, 32(2), 228-239.


Shariff, Maya, et al. "Dosimetry, Optimization and FMEA of Total Skin Electron Irradiation (TSEI)." Zeitschrift für Medizinische Physik 32.2 (2022): 228-239.

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