A generator for unique quantum random numbers based on vacuum states

Gabriel C, Wittmann C, Sych D, Dong R, Mauerer W, Andersen UL, Marquardt C, Leuchs G (2010)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2010


Book Volume: 4

Pages Range: 711-715

Journal Issue: 10

DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2010.197


Random numbers are a valuable component in diverse applications that range from simulations1 over gambling to cryptography2,3. The quest for true randomness in these applications has engendered a large variety of different proposals for producing random numbers based on the foundational unpredictability of quantum mechanics4-11. However, most approaches do not consider that a potential adversary could have knowledge about the generated numbers, so the numbers are not verifiably random and unique 12-15. Here we present a simple experimental setup based on homodyne measurements that uses the purity of a continuous-variable quantum vacuum state to generate unique random numbers. We use the intrinsic randomness in measuring the quadratures of a mode in the lowest energy vacuum state, which cannot be correlated to any other state. The simplicity of our source, combined with its verifiably unique randomness, are important attributes for achieving high-reliability, high-speed and lowcost quantum random number generators. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

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Gabriel, C., Wittmann, C., Sych, D., Dong, R., Mauerer, W., Andersen, U.L.,... Leuchs, G. (2010). A generator for unique quantum random numbers based on vacuum states. Nature Photonics, 4(10), 711-715. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.197


Gabriel, Christian, et al. "A generator for unique quantum random numbers based on vacuum states." Nature Photonics 4.10 (2010): 711-715.

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