Sol-gel bioactive glass containing biomaterials for restorative dentistry: A review

Simila H, Boccaccini AR (2022)

Publication Type: Journal article, Review article

Publication year: 2022


DOI: 10.1016/


Objective: Bioactive glasses (BAGs) have been researched extensively for dentistry due to their favourable biocompatibility and hard tissue bonding ability. However, the specific application of BAGs produced through sol-gel synthesis in restorative dentistry has not been reviewed previously. This review provides a comprehensive account of the principles behind sol-gel derived BAGs and their investigation for dental tissue restoration materials. Methods: A search for in vitro and in vivo studies was performed using the databases Web of Science®, Medline®, Scopus® and Google Scholar®. Articles published over the past 20 years were selected and data on the BAG composition and morphology was extracted. Analysis of the effect of specific BAG additives on the properties of experimental dental materials was also performed. Results: A majority of BAG particles investigated were spheres ranging in size from 5 nm to ~650 µm. Sol-gel BAGs are mainly applied in the treatment of hypersensitive dentine and for pulp-dentine tissue engineering, while a handful have been used in target drug delivery. BAG fillers are promising additives that result in improved biological properties, antibacterial effects, hardness, acid buffering and remineralization. Unfortunately, some detrimental effects on optical properties have been observed with BAG addition. Additionally, in vivo data, investigations into radiopacity and standardization of test protocols are identified as areas for improvement and further studies. Significance: Future work should consider the pertinent issues raised in order to improve the quality of available data and expand knowledge in this area of dental biomaterials research and development.

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How to cite


Simila, H., & Boccaccini, A.R. (2022). Sol-gel bioactive glass containing biomaterials for restorative dentistry: A review. Dental Materials.


Simila, Hazel, and Aldo R. Boccaccini. "Sol-gel bioactive glass containing biomaterials for restorative dentistry: A review." Dental Materials (2022).

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