Lower Emotion Regulation Competencies Mediate the Association between Impulsivity and Craving during Alcohol Withdrawal Treatment

Reichl D, Enewoldsen N, Weisel K, Saur S, Fuhrmann L, Lang C, Berking M, Zink M, Ahnert A, Falkai P, Kraus T, Hillemacher T, Muller FN, Lins S, Bonsch D, Kerkemeyer L, Steins-Loeber S (2022)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022

Journal

DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2022.2034878

Abstract

There is evidence that craving mediates the relationship between Impulsive Personality Traits (IPTs) and relapse during the treatment of an Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). To provide tailored interventions, a deeper understanding of the relation between IPTs and craving, namely mediating processes, is important. Based on previous literature, we proposed that lower emotion regulation competencies mediate the relation between attentional as well as non-planning IPTs and craving. To investigate these interrelations, we used data from the baseline assessment (n = 320) of the SmartAssistEntz project (pre-registered in the German Clinical Trials Register [DRKS00017700]). Inpatients with a primary AUD diagnosis were interviewed using standardized self-report measures (IPTs: BIS-15, emotion regulation competencies: ERSQ, craving: OCDS-G short version) during their withdrawal treatment. Indirect effects were calculated using the SPSS macro PROCESS v3.5. Attentional as well as non-planning, but not motor, IPTs were associated with craving. Emotion regulation competencies mediated the relationship between attentional as well as non-planning IPTs and craving. Given their mediating role in the present study, it is interesting to investigate if addressing emotion regulation competencies can mitigate the negative influences of attentional and non-planning IPTs. The direct effect of attentional IPTs implicates alternate mediating processes, which should also be investigated in future research.

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APA:

Reichl, D., Enewoldsen, N., Weisel, K., Saur, S., Fuhrmann, L., Lang, C.,... Steins-Loeber, S. (2022). Lower Emotion Regulation Competencies Mediate the Association between Impulsivity and Craving during Alcohol Withdrawal Treatment. Substance Use & Misuse. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2022.2034878

MLA:

Reichl, Daniela, et al. "Lower Emotion Regulation Competencies Mediate the Association between Impulsivity and Craving during Alcohol Withdrawal Treatment." Substance Use & Misuse (2022).

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